Self-employed photographer Amy Lawson, an evangelical Christian in Madison, Wisc., can refuse jobs that violate her religious beliefs, a court and government officials have agreed. City and state public accommodation laws don’t apply to her because she operates without a storefront, the officials said.
Alliance Defending Freedom photo
Court signals religious freedom victory for artist
The ruling has no bearing on similar religious liberty cases of two other business owners represented by Lawson's attorneys, Alliance Defending Freedom (ADF), as those businesses are based outside Wisconsin.
Lawson filed suit against the City of Madison and the Wisconsin Department of Workforce Development in March after a customer complained about a statement on Lawson's website refusing to photograph same-sex weddings, according to ADF. Such ceremonies counter Lawson's religious belief that marriage is between one man and one woman, Lawson said on her website. Photographing them, she noted, would infringe upon her right to control her individual artistic expression.
While Lawson was never sued nor charged with a crime, she feared the ramifications of the city and state laws, dropped the statement from her website and began refusing all wedding photography requests, ADF said in a description of the case on its website.
The case has "huge implications for everyone within Wisconsin," ADF Senior Counsel Jonathan Scruggs said after the Aug. 1 hearing.
"It means that government officials must allow creative professionals without storefronts anywhere in the city and state the freedom to make their own decisions about which ideas they will use their artistic expression to promote," Scruggs said in a press release. "The court found -- and the city and state have now agreed -- that such professionals cannot be punished under public accommodation laws for exercising their artistic freedom because those laws simply don't apply to them."
The case is still listed as open on the Dane County Circuit Court website, and will not be officially closed until Niess signs an order that city and state attorneys are currently drafting to specify that Lawson is exempt from the statutes.
In other ADF cases regarding religious freedom in artistic expression, the U.S. Supreme Court has agreed to hear the case of Jack Phillips of Masterpiece Cakeshop in Lakewood, Colo., who is fighting for the right to refuse to design cakes for same-sex weddings. The high court agreed in June to hear Phillips' case after the Colorado Supreme Court refused to overturn a lower court ruling against the baker.
The ADF has asked the high court to join Phillips' case with that of a second client, Washington florist Barronnelle Stutzman, since the issues in their cases are identical. The Southern Baptist grandmother and owner of Arlene's Flowers in Richland, Wash., was found guilty of unlawful discrimination against a longtime customer and his partner when she refused to create floral arrangements for the couple's homosexual commitment ceremony.
The latest decision in Phillips' case is a May 2014 ruling by the Colorado Civil Rights Commission. The ruling orders Phillips and his employees to design cakes for same-sex weddings, orders Phillips to re-educate his staff to comply with Colorado's Anti-Discrimination Act and to file quarterly compliance reports for two years, according to the ADF.